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Land Bank will assist farmers of Ukraine this year



Today, more than one hundred banks lend Ukrainian agribusiness enterprises. But the rates of loans are quite high. Therefore, the State annually allocates funds to make cheaper interest rates for farmers on loans. But this did not satisfy the need of full compensation costs for farmers. Therefore, the Government has decided to establish a State Land Bank. This financial institution will allow farmers to obtain loans at interest rates of 10-12% per annum.

More than a hundred banks lend Ukraine agribusiness enterprises. They give mainly short term lends for various conditions and at different percentages. However, the rate of credit remains high. Thus, the average interest rates of 2012 in Ukraine were 22-24% per annum.

In order to create favorable conditions for farmers in getting loans, it was opened the domestic banking market to foreign banks. These financial institutions would provide cheap loans, including farmers. However, the foreign banks loans cost was only 2% lower than the domestic ones.

Therefore, to reduce the farmers’ costs while paying interest on loans, the government annually allocates funds to reduce interest rates on credits.

Annual demand for compensation funds to reduce loans involved in the current year and the transition of loans borrowed in the previous years is 1.5 billion UAH.

However, the need of compensation funds is met only by 30%.

So, taken into account the experience of the other countries concerning possible ways of interest rates for farmers reduction, the Government has decided to create a State Land Bank. The financial institution has to provide loans to domestic farmers by 10-12% per annum, and also function as a specialized institution in mortgage loans secured by land.

Currently, the financial institution is being actively created. In particular, it was transferred the state budget money on the amount of 120 million USD onto the temporary account at the National Bank of Ukraine. It was also prepared a set of documents for "Ukresimbank" concerning the State Land Bank registration and service of funds.

 

Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine

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